New Mexico, The Land of Enchantment
New Mexico offers a variety of landscapes; from beautiful desert vistas to high-elevation mountains and forests. It offers a little something for everyone. Whether your dream is to own a cattle ranch, a high-caliber hunting ranch, or just that remote recreational property to escape to.
New Mexico is also known for its Native American History and Art. Just visit one of the many shops found in Santa Fe or Taos and you will discover an abundance of talents. Northern New Mexico was home to the famous artist Georgia O’Keeffe where she called home on the Ghost Ranch outside of Abiquiu, New Mexico. Many famous artists and celebrities have been drawn to the Land of Enchantment and call it home. For example at one time Val Kilmer owned a ranch outside of Santa Fe and called it home. He has a deep love for the culture and history of New Mexico. He only sold the ranch to finance his Mark Twain project.
The history of farming and ranching in New Mexico dates back to prehistoric times when Native Americans practiced agriculture using irrigation systems. When the Spanish arrived in the 16th century, they introduced European farming techniques and established ranches to support their colonial economy.
During the 19th century, New Mexico became a territory of the United States, and American settlers began to move in. The settlers introduced new farming and ranching techniques, including dryland farming and the use of barbed wire for fencing. Irrigation systems were also improved, and water was diverted from rivers to irrigate crops and support livestock.
In the early 20th century, the state government began to promote agriculture by establishing agricultural experiment stations and offering financial assistance to farmers. This led to the development of new crops, such as chile peppers and pecans, and the expansion of livestock production.
During the mid-20th century, New Mexico’s agriculture industry faced challenges due to drought, competition from other states, and changing market conditions. However, farmers and ranchers adapted by diversifying their operations and adopting new technologies.
Today, New Mexico’s agriculture industry is an important part of the state’s economy. The state is a major producer of chile peppers, pecans, onions, and dairy products, among other crops. Ranching is also an important industry, with cattle, sheep, and goats raised for meat, wool, and dairy products.
New Mexico Ranches, Farms, and Recreational Property
New Mexico offers a wide variety of farms, ranches, and land. In Northeastern New Mexico, ranches tend to have rolling wide-open prairie of the Great Plains and as you move south on the eastern edge of New Mexico you travel into the western portion of the Llano Estacado. There are numerous mountain ranges that cross New Mexico including the Sangre de Cristos, San Juans, Guadalupes, Capitans, Florida Mountains, Mogollon Mountains, and Mimbres Mountains to name just a few.
Ranches can be found in higher more lush regions in the northern mountain ranges in north central New Mexico. There are also very large ranches in the more arid regions to the northwest and southern portions of New Mexico.
New Mexico is also home to some great farms and is well known for its excellent quality alfalfa hay and most of all for its famous Hatch Green Chile. There are also orchards including peach, apricot, and cherry orchards.
Things to Consider When Evaluating New Mexico Ranches for Sale
While most people rely on a real estate agent to find the perfect piece of land for sale, there are certain things buyers should consider when evaluating a New Mexico ranch for sale. These elements include property location, build-out capability, zoning, permitting, utilities, and roads. These factors are discussed in detail in the sections below.
Before talking to a seller or starting the search for ranches for sale in New Mexico, the buyer should determine their priorities as far as location is concerned. Is budget a primary consideration, or is it the quality of local schools that matters when deciding on which property to buy? These are just some of the questions buyers should answer during the evaluation process, as they help in decision-making.
While any piece of land in NM may seem suitable, it is important for the buyer of a ranch or farm to determine how much of the parcel can be built upon. Does that part of the land meet the needs of the home the buyer plans to build? Soil conditions and topography are important issues, as poor soil quality can affect construction cost.
When looking at New Mexico hunting ranches for sale, the buyer should talk with their real estate agent and the local zoning board about the factors to be considered before construction starts. Environmental factors may limit where structures can be placed on the land, and future development could raise or lower property values. While a buyer can’t predict the future, with a little research they can make an informed decision when deciding on what land to purchase in NM.
It is important for the buyer to learn which types of permits will be needed when building on New Mexico cattle or hunting ranches. Some areas have limited permitting requirements, and others are stricter. Talk to the nearest building department to find out what’s needed.
Utilities and Roads
Before buying land for sale in New Mexico, the buyer should determine which utilities have been added to the property. Most undeveloped land has few or no utilities, and the buyer bears the cost of bringing them onto the property. Contact local utility companies to determine the cost of the project. In rural areas, especially hunting land, city water is not available, and the buyer will have to install a well and a septic system. Owners of undeveloped land may need to build a private driveway or road from the nearest public thoroughfare, and they should find out whether there’s an easement that allows easy access to the property.